“What is frozen shoulder?
Frozen shoulder (adhesive capsulitis) is stiffness, pain, and limited range of movement in your shoulder. It may happen after an injury or overuse or from a disease such as diabetes or a stroke. The tissues around the joint stiffen, scar tissue forms, and shoulder movements become difficult and painful. The condition usually comes on slowly, then goes away slowly over the course of a year or more.
What causes frozen shoulder?
- After surgery or injury when you stop using the joint normally.
- Most often in people 40 to 70 years old.
- More often in women (especially in postmenopausal women) than in men.
- Most often in people with chronic diseases, such as diabetes or a stroke.
How is frozen shoulder diagnosed?
Your doctor may suspect frozen shoulder if a physical exam reveals limited shoulder movement. An X-ray may be done to see whether symptoms are from another condition such as arthritis or a broken bone.
How is it treated?
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
- Application of heat to the affected area
- Gentle stretching
- Ice and medicines (including corticosteroid injections) may also be used to reduce pain and swelling.
- Physical therapy can help increase your range of motion.
If treatment is not helping, surgery is sometimes done to loosen some of the tight tissues around the shoulder.”